How to Care for Different Types of Jewelry

Author: Jewepiter Team

A timeless treasure like jewelry, tells an enchanting story of elegance and emotion, all while holding considerable monetary value. Their upkeep, therefore, becomes a matter of more than just aesthetic appeal—it’s about extending their lifespan and maintaining their inherent charm. 

Regardless of whether you’re dealing with gold that glows, silver that sparkles, or diamonds that dazzle, each type of jewelry demands its own unique care and cleaning methods. 

So, buckle up, and join us on this comprehensive tour of jewelry care—your one-stop guide to the dos and don’ts of jewelry maintenance. Just as we prioritize our own health, the well-being of our loved ones, or the longevity of our favorite attire, jewelry too, demands our meticulous attention. 

But fear not! Jewelry care isn’t an insurmountable task. Whether you’re a seasoned collector or a casual jewelry dabbler, our guide is equipped to provide you with an arsenal of practical tips and knowledge to keep your cherished pieces in peak condition.

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1. How to Care for Your Jewelry According to Its Material and Style

Gold Jewelry Care

Gold, with its eternal allure, is a favorite among jewelry enthusiasts. However, its malleability, while critical for creating intricate designs, also makes it prone to scratches and dents. 

We advise keeping your gold treasures in a soft-lined compartment or a small pouch, away from other pieces. Steer clear of wearing gold jewelry during vigorous activities or household chores to avoid accidental damage.

For at-home cleaning, a mild solution and a soft-bristle brush work wonders. However, deep-seated dirt or minor scratches may need professional intervention. We recommend an annual professional cleaning to revive your gold’s lost sheen and brilliance.

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Silver Jewelry Care

Silver, while affordable and captivating, is prone to tarnishing when exposed to air and moisture. Storing silver jewelry in an anti-tarnish bag and keeping it in a cool, dry place can help slow down the tarnishing process. 

For minor discoloration, a dedicated silver polishing cloth can be used. For more stubborn tarnish, consider using a silver cleaning agent.

Interestingly, the natural oils from our skin can help maintain the shine of silver jewelry. Therefore, wearing silver jewelry regularly can help preserve its luster. 

However, remember to take off silver jewelry before bathing or swimming, as chlorine can cause discoloration, as emphasized in our jewelry care guide.

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Gemstone Jewelry Care

Gemstones, with their varying hardness and porosity, need delicate care. This means a one-size-fits-all cleaning method isn’t suitable. Generally, avoid exposing gemstones to harsh chemicals, extreme temperatures, and direct sunlight.

Most gemstones can be cleaned with warm soapy water and a soft-bristle brush. Make sure to dry them thoroughly before storing to prevent moisture-related damage. 

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Pearl Jewelry Care

Pearls, with their unmatched elegance, require special attention. We recommend putting on pearls last when dressing and removing them first afterward. This minimizes their exposure to chemicals in cosmetics, hair sprays, and perfumes that can dull their surface.

Cleaning pearls is a breeze—after each wear, gently wipe them with a soft lint-free cloth to remove body oils and residues. Storing pearls separately prevents them from getting scratched by other jewelry items. 

Also, consider restringing your pearl necklace annually to ensure the thread doesn’t weaken over time.

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Diamond Jewelry Care

Despite being the hardest natural substance, diamonds can still accumulate oils and lose their brilliance over time. We advise using a gentle soap solution as a routine cleaning method. Lightly brushing the diamond surface and its setting can remove dirt and restore its radiance.

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Brass Jewelry Care

Brass requires more regular cleaning than many other metals. It is sensitive to elements that cause rapid discoloration. Also, metals like gold or silver combined with brass may corrode faster. We suggest using readily available items for the best cleaning results.

Mixing lemon juice with salt to create a paste and applying it to brass jewelry, followed by rubbing and rinsing, can restore a fresh, shiny brass color. If the brass jewelry has intricate carvings, you can use baking soda instead of salt and soak it before scrubbing. If lemon juice is unavailable, vinegar can be tried as an alternative.

Simply soaking brass jewelry in vinegar will effectively clean it. Tomato ketchup, with its high acidity, is also an effective brass cleaner. Apply, rub, and rinse to clean the jewelry.

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Stainless Steel Jewelry Care

Stainless steel jewelry, made from steel alloy with chromium, is resistant to corrosion or rust. However, it can get scratched and soiled. 

Stainless steel jewelry is straightforward to clean: 

  • Immerse a non-abrasive soft cloth in soapy water, 
  • Then gently wipe the stainless steel jewelry until it is clean. 
  • Clean along the polishing lines when wiping. 
  • Use a damp cloth dipped in clean water to wipe off any residues on the jewelry. 
  • Carefully dry the jewelry with a clean towel, then let it air dry.
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2. Why You Should Clean and Polish Your Jewelry Regularly

Preventing Loss of Luster and Discoloration

Over time, jewelry can lose its luster and discolor due to exposure to air, moisture, and skin oils. 

The loss of luster is the result of a chemical reaction between the metal and elements in the air, which can make the jewelry appear dull and faded. Contact with cosmetics, skincare products, or other chemicals can also cause metal discoloration and make it lose its shine. 

Regularly caring for jewelry helps prevent these issues and brings back the jewelry’s renewed brilliance.

Protecting Gemstones and Settings

Gemstones and settings are delicate and can become loose or damaged if not properly maintained. 

Dirt, dust, and oils can accumulate on the metal and gemstones, causing friction and pressure that may result in loose or missing gemstones. Caring for jewelry helps remove these harmful factors and ensures that gemstones are securely set. 

Using the correct cleaning methods and products is essential to avoid damaging the jewelry. If unsure how to clean your jewelry, be sure to seek professional advice.

Extending the Lifespan of Jewelry

Proper maintenance and cleaning help extend the lifespan of jewelry and prevent damage. Over time, metals can get scratched or dented, and gemstones can develop chips or cracks, reducing the value and beauty of the jewelry. 

By following proper jewelry care and storing them properly, you can prevent damage and keep the jewelry in its best condition.

3. How to Store and Protect Your Jewelry from Damage and Tarnish

In addition to regular cleaning, proper storage is equally important. While jewelry care is crucial, improper storage can negate all your efforts. We recommend taking the following steps when storing jewelry:

Thoroughly clean the jewelry before storing it

Follow the jewelry care tips mentioned above to understand specific methods for removing dirt, oils, and other substances from your jewelry. Failure to remove these substances before storing your jewelry can lead to damage.

Avoid storing damp jewelry

For fragile items, gently pat them dry with a soft, non-abrasive, lint-free cloth before placing them in a safe and dry place to air dry. For most jewelry, avoid damp environments as it can cause loss of luster or corrosion.

Similarly, avoid storing jewelry in humid places

Storing jewelry in the bathroom, for example, can expose it to moisture, which can damage it. Choose a dry, dust-free, and away-from-direct-sunlight location for storing jewelry.

Use jewelry boxes, compartments, or bags for storage

When storing, it’s best to keep jewelry separated in jewelry boxes, compartments, or bags to avoid rubbing and scratching against each other.

Avoid mixing different types of jewelry in storage

Metals and gemstones can generate friction and damage when stored together. Try to avoid mixing jewelry of different materials in storage.

Store in suitable temperature and humidity conditions

Jewelry is best stored in stable temperature and humidity conditions. Extreme temperature and humidity can damage jewelry.


By following these simple jewelry care and storage guidelines, you can maintain the beauty and value of your jewelry, making them shine over the years. 

By following these simple jewelry care and storage guidelines, you can maintain the beauty and value of your jewelry, making them shine over the years. 

Jewelry is an investment, and proper care can make them serve you for a longer time. So, follow this jewelry care guide to keep your precious jewelry forever charming and radiant.

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